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Getting Down to the Basics of Diabetes Diabetes is a disease that makes the blood glucose levels are above the normal level. This results in the inability of the glucose to go into the cells. For their meal that’s glucose, the cells begin starving because of lacking this. The entire body obtains glucose in the food. The liver and muscles also supply your body with glucose. The glucose is transported by the blood throughout the body. Diabetes is caused by the blood sugar level that is high. Diabetes can cause serious health problems like heart diseases, blindness, and kidney failure. It’s important for patients who have diabetes to have a physician that treat their blood pressure and their own cholesterol levels. They will be able to run blood sugar levels tests. The basic features are exactly the same although there are various sorts of diabetes. In every type of diabetes, there is an underlying reason why the body is not able to utilize the levels of glucose for energy which causes the levels of glucose in the body to build up above the normal level. The principal kinds of diabetes are 2, type 2 and type 1. Type 1 is diagnosed in children and young adults where the pancreas doesn’t make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body is not able to make enough insulin. At times the cells in the body ignore the insulin. This makes them not to utilize glucose the way they are supposed to. Insulin resistance is the name used to refer to the cells ignoring the insulin.
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There’s a sort of diabetes that women get called gestational diabetes when they are pregnant. It will disappear when the pregnancy is over and can cause difficulties for the mom and infant, when it is not treated. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include old age, obesity, family history of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes the risk factors involve genetic and environmental factors.
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Someone who thinks that he has diabetes should go to a doctor for a diagnosis. The symptoms include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes and feeling exhausted most of the time. The skin can be dry and have sores that take time to heal. For diabetes type 1 the symptoms can include vomiting or sharp stomach pains. There are many things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The amount of insulin taken has to be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood glucose levels closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes are healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing.